Assignment Introduction to Logic: PHI142 August 26‚ 2014 Weightage: 10 % All Questions carry equal(ve) Marks. 1. What is Logic ? Is it benecial for you to think in a logically consistent 1 manner? [200 words] 2. What if when . . . the basic laws of logic such as below are not available to us? [200 words] (a) Law of Identity: A is A (b) Law of excluded middle: A or not A. (c) Law of Non contradiction: A and not A both doesn’t follow. 3. Why Symbols are important in the domain of
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Open DocumentLogic is the science and art of correct thinking and right reasoning. It is a science for it involves systematic and it utilizes theories‚ principles and laws governing human thinking and reasoning. And it becomes and art since it pertain apt theories‚ principles and laws leading to how human understand things and how they react to it not only in school but as well in actual life setting. Therefore‚ everything about it--- its definition‚ importance‚ and history must be studied. The application
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Open Document1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. BASIC CONCEPTS OF LOGIC What Is Logic? ................................................................................................... 2 Inferences And Arguments ................................................................................ 2 Deductive Logic Versus Inductive Logic .......................................................... 5 Statements Versus Propositions......................................................................... 6 Form
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Open DocumentSpinoza’s Argument for Substance Monism and Common Objections Spinoza’s Ethics is widely thought of as Spinoza’s greatest work. One noteworthy claim that he makes in his Ethics is his argument for substance monism‚ or the existence of only one substance. In Proposition 14‚ Part I of his Ethics‚ Spinoza states that “There can be‚ or be conceived‚ no other substance but God.” This statement amounts to saying that everything else in this world‚ whether it is extended or not‚ is a mere image of God
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Open DocumentThe main credited "father of logic" is widely considered to be the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle. Interested in every area of human knowledge about the world‚ Aristotle aimed to unify all of them in a coherent system of thought by developing a common methodology that would serve equally well as the procedure for learning about any discipline.(Hurley 5) For Aristotle‚ then‚ logic is the instrument (the "organon") by means of which we come to know anything. He proposed as formal rules for correct
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Open DocumentChapter 4 Categorical Propositions Categorical Proposition- a proposition that relates two classes or categories of entities together in some way. (sentence with truth value) -The classes in question are denoted respectively by the subject term and predicate term (S) (P) Quantifiers (S) (P) -All Ex. All Snow is White -None No Snow is Green -Some Some
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Open DocumentLogic can be defined as the subject that teaches the rules for correct and proper reasoning or in simpler terms‚ it can be best described as common sense. Some refer to the "science" of logic but logic is really more than just a science. The science part "is the knowledge of the principles‚ laws‚ and methods of logic itself." (Dolhenty‚ J; 2002). Logic must be put into action or else the knowledge provided within the science of logic is of little use. "We can‚ therefore‚ also speak of the "art" of
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Open DocumentAgapay‚ Ramon B. Logic – The Essentials of Deductive Reasoning. 2nd Ed. Mandaluyung City: National Book Store‚ 2007. Babor‚ Eddie R. LL.B. Logic- The Philosophical Discipline of Correct Thinking. Quezon City: C & E Publishing Inc. 2003. Bachhuber‚ Andrew H.‚ S.J. Introduction to Logic. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts‚ Inc.‚ 1957. Bernardo Anunciacion Chavez‚ De Claro Malune G. Logic‚ A Modular Approach. Quezon City: Great Books Publishing. 2008. Cruz Corazon L. Introduction to Logic‚ 4th Ed. Mandaluyong
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Open DocumentUniversity of Phoenix Material Syllogisms & Logic PART I: SYLLOGISMS To be a valid syllogism‚ the conclusion must be proven by the reasons. Carefully study the following syllogisms and decide if they are valid or invalid: 1. All zebras are striped animals. No zebras are polar bears. Therefore‚ no polar bears are striped animals. 2. All clowns are funny individuals. Some sad people are clowns. Therefore‚ some sad people are funny individuals. 3. Some sticky
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Open DocumentExamination In ------------------------------------------------- SYMBOLIC LOGIC ------------------------------------------------- “Great knowledge comes to those who are willing to learn.” Test I. Identification. Choose the correct answer from the choices provided inside the box. Hypothetical Proposition Broad Disjunctive ~ Conditional Proposition Conjunctive Proposition V Disjunctive Proposition Symbolic Logic . Strict Disjunctive = Ɔ Hypothetical Proposition Broad Disjunctive
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