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Are DIY Solar Panels Worth it?

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  • Hi all,
    Im newbie in solar panel. i just finished my DIY solar panel, and will try continue to make it listing with the certificate in my country (Indonesia)
    I've made my 100WP solar panel with solar cell 0.5V 10A with 24 cells series. it produce 12V 10A, im not tested it yet with watt meter to know how much it get (progressing)
    Im using resin for encapsulation, but still have a lot of bubble trap on it, but i believe i can make it better without bubble.

    I would like to ask, If im still use resin to encapsulation can it be use for a long time (25 years)? is there any problem with it?
    i will start to build the company for solar panel in my country, and it expensive to buy machne for laminate so i try using resin. also i change the front glass with Plastic PET (to reduce the cost).

    and also, how about solar backsheet? any recommended alternatif for it? because outside the resin, the output only 2 bussbar +- and directly go into junction box.
    for now, i just thinking to use hard vinyl wallpaper but i don't know how its gonna be.

    Please advice.

    Thank You
    Warm Regards,

    -Haiqal

    Comment


    • Making a solar panel from raw materials, is pretty tough. Most resin does not last with UV (sunlight) exposure. Most plastics do not last in sunlight.
      Few plastics, paint or epoxies are "Water Vapor Tight" meaning, moisture will built up internally, Glass and metal will stop moisture vapor. When water vapor gets inside a PV panel, it starts to corrode the tab wire connections and the metal contact fingers on the cells. Then the panel fails, Look how commercial panels are made, they do it the very cheapest way they can, so they can make the most money and not have to pay warranty claims for failed panels.
      Glass, EVA, Tedlar and aluminum frames.
      Powerfab top of pole PV mount (2) | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||
      || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||
      || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

      solar: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Solar
      gen: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Lister

      Comment


      • Originally posted by Haiqaljacob View Post
        still have a lot of bubble trap on it, but i believe i can make it better without bubble.
        To get rid of bubbles I bolted a vibrator to the frame, adjusted it with a variac. Bruce Roe

        Comment


        • Originally posted by bcroe View Post

          To get rid of bubbles I bolted a vibrator to the frame, adjusted it with a variac. Bruce Roe
          I've heard the same from a few female type people I've known.

          Comment


          • Originally posted by Mike90250 View Post
            Making a solar panel from raw materials, is pretty tough. Most resin does not last with UV (sunlight) exposure.
            i choose the material from PMMA ( Polymethyl methacrylate), its quite though with UV, heat water etc. and im stilll looking at the EVA film that commercial panels used, the material is same with resin PMMA. any idea of this statement? because im just heard from the electrical expert.

            If im using EVA film and laminate it, i need an expensive machine to do that. that's why i need alternate. for now im still looking the alternate that will be use for a long time.

            i would like to ask that, how much actually solar panel 100WP produce?
            because last time i make 60WP, it only produce 36watt. Please give me advice

            Thank You

            Comment


            • I want to start a DIY solar panel project for people living in Haiti. I work with a Haitian non-profit community focused on health and community empowerment. Very few people in rural Haiti have any kind of electricity and solar has big potential to change lives. If I can build one solar panel there in Haiti, I think many more will follow.

              Comment


              • Originally posted by kevinpcox View Post
                I want to start a DIY solar panel project for people living in Haiti. I work with a Haitian non-profit community focused on health and community empowerment. Very few people in rural Haiti have any kind of electricity and solar has big potential to change lives. If I can build one solar panel there in Haiti, I think many more will follow.
                Because of the local high humidity, any panels built, that are not constructed with care and vacuum ovens, will fail in a couple years. Is that the legacy you want to have associated with your name?
                Better idea is to build a PV panel Fab Plant, all modern gear, and produce panels with a 20+ year warranty. But DIY with out being sealed, is pointless

                Powerfab top of pole PV mount (2) | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||
                || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||
                || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

                solar: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Solar
                gen: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Lister

                Comment


                • Originally posted by kevinpcox View Post
                  I want to start a DIY solar panel project for people living in Haiti. I work with a Haitian non-profit community focused on health and community empowerment. Very few people in rural Haiti have any kind of electricity and solar has big potential to change lives. If I can build one solar panel there in Haiti, I think many more will follow.
                  You would do well to study possible applications, then design and build up a working system with available
                  components, as a model for more work. The actual panels are only a part of a practical installation.

                  My own experience with DIY panels, is that most of the methods described by amateurs give panels that
                  are doomed to very poor performance, and soon fail. The best panels I could build required components
                  making them as expensive per watt as commercial panels, required high skill levels, were very labor intensive,
                  and were quite clumsy. good luck, Bruce Roe

                  Comment


                  • Thanks for the responses- I know that a lot of the people in this forum are professionals, and many responses will be from the perspective of builders that are governed by American standards for zoning and regulation. Of course I would probably never attempt a DIY project to power anything more than a garden shed here at home. But my experience in Haiti is that people are very poor, have no resources, and certainly no money to buy or import solar panels. Last summer my teen daughter and I went there to unload a shipping container of donated medical supplies and set up a clinic, and to document American doctors training the locals. The director of the nonprofit has tasked me to see what I could do to get a DIY solar project started later this summer. In the absence of expensive, imported factory sealed panels, I thought an imperfect solution would be better than none. I suppose I'll get a materials list, follow a youtube tutorial, and try to build one at home in the next couple of months, then try to bring some cells down with me and try to replicate the effort down there with locally purchased materials.

                    Comment


                    • Originally posted by kevinpcox View Post
                      ...... The director of the nonprofit has tasked me to see what I could do to get a DIY solar project started later this summer. In the absence of expensive, imported factory sealed panels, I thought an imperfect solution would be better than none. I suppose I'll get a materials list, follow a youtube tutorial, and try to build one at home in the next couple of months, then try to bring some cells down with me and try to replicate the effort down there with locally purchased materials.
                      Then get a list of what you need, and what you can get locally.
                      Fieldlines has a great 4 part tutorial on how to DIY PV panels. It's a couple scales of magnitude harder than boiling willow bark to make aspirin.

                      https://www.solarpaneltalk.com/forum...9693#post49693

                      All the different parts in the panel (Glass, EVA, Tedlar) are designed to protect the cells. There are no other suitable parts to replace those.
                      Use shower door glass, you loose a couple % in light loss, skip the Tedlar, and your cells soak up moisture and rot out in a couple years. Same for bedding them in silicone.
                      Epoxy might be clear for a year or three, and then it yellows, and the temperature coefficient mismatch eventually cracks the cells in a year or so. Painted wood frames pass water vapor and rot the cells. On the cheap, look at a place in Florida, SunElectric and see what they have - cheaper and more reliable than you can produce with unskilled labor.



                      Powerfab top of pole PV mount (2) | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||
                      || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||
                      || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

                      solar: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Solar
                      gen: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Lister

                      Comment


                      • From my personal experience, and I hate to say this... But the DIY panel builds are simply good for learning the ins and outs of how the system actually goes together and potential troubleshooting knowledge down the road. No way shape or form am I discouraging it but don't begin to think you will save boo koo bucks (like I thought) even after scavenging glass and reusable junction boxes.
                        IT'S a for sure fun project but after time and money spent ...the savings of 0.00-100.00 maybe depending on your build just isn't worth letting someone else slap them together and throw you a warranty.

                        Obviously this is my own opinion but it was formed from actually going through the motions. I am glad I did it though.

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