Announcement

Collapse
No announcement yet.

12v vs 24v battery bank amp hours

Collapse
X
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • 12v vs 24v battery bank amp hours

    When using say two 6v 200ah golf cart batteries in a 12v setup you would parallel them and get 200ah. If you had a 24v system then two of the same 6v 200ah batteris in series would make 400ah? If that's the case then you'd spend half the $ on a 24v system and you can use a charge controller that can interface 12v solar panels with a 24v battery bank right? Why go 12v then? (Besides the use of 12v DC electronics)

  • #2
    to use 6v batteries in a 12V setup, you SERIES them, battery_wire_diag.jpg (the top row of batteries in the sketch are in series)
    Batteries (pr PV panels) in SERIES, increases Volts
    Parallel, increases AMPS. Since Volts x Amps = Watts, either method still produces the exact same watts, but higher voltages have less losses, and a few % more efficiency.
    spreadsheet based voltage drop calculator:
    http://www.solar-guppy.com/download/...calculator.zip
    http://www.solarpaneltalk.com/showth...oss-calculator

    http://www.mike-burgess.org/PVinfo_2.html

    solar: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Solar
    gen: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Lister ,
    battery lugs http://tinyurl.com/LMR-BigLug
    Setting up batteries http://tinyurl.com/LMR-NiFe

    gear :
    Powerfab top of pole PV mount | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||

    || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||

    || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

    Comment


    • #3
      Originally posted by Mike90250 View Post
      to use 6v batteries in a 12V setup, you SERIES them, [ATTACH=CONFIG]2070[/ATTACH] (the top row of batteries in the sketch are in series)
      Batteries (pr PV panels) in SERIES, increases Volts
      Parallel, increases AMPS. Since Volts x Amps = Watts, either method still produces the exact same watts, but higher voltages have less losses, and a few % more efficiency.
      I was laying in bed last night thinking about this and it occurred to me that I had it all wrong. One of these days I'll have this series/parallel thing down. So no matter how their wired you still get x volts/ah from a battery. Why is it that the higher the voltage the smaller the wire? Does the same principle apply to AC volts/amps? House wiring doesn't seem that thick and they're long runs through the walls too. Does that cause lots of losses on the ac end?

      Comment


      • #4
        Originally posted by Alex9 View Post
        Why is it that the higher the voltage the smaller the wire?
        For the same amount of power (volts x amps if you leave out power factor which is an AC thing) the current is lower when you use a higher voltage. 12 volts time ten amps gives 120 watts, while 120 volts times 1 amp gives the same power.

        Since the power loss in a given size wire is lower when the current is lower, higher voltages translate to lower losses.
        SunnyBoy 3000 US, 18 BP Solar 175B panels.

        Comment


        • #5
          So if I decided to go with a 24V system over 12V system and using the same SIZE bank of say 440ah..

          Running a 2000 watt AC inverter (24v rated).. will I use less AH then the same setup at 12V rated (12v bank and 12v inverter and same 2000 watt inverter)??

          I know I can use lighter wire then the 3/000 I have for the 12V bank.. but if the DRAW is the same for the 2000 watt inverter (say 55amps) is there any advantage other then lighter gauge wiring??

          I also know I can use smaller breakers on the bank if I go with 24v..

          I haven't totally decided if I am going 12 or 24 yet (my controller can do both and I can get 1 more panel and get a total PV of 870 if I want to go 24).. which is better I think than 725 @ 12V that I currently have planned for my 5 panels..

          My controller limit (Morningstar TS45 (PWM)) is 5 panels @ 145 if I go 12V in parallel (725w).
          if I step to 24v I can go with 3 parallel strings of 2 (series) and be at the 870 watts of PV..

          I was leaning toward 12V for the less expensive 2000w inverters for 12v.. (the 24V ones of same 2K rating are like $600+)..

          I plan on running an Air Conditioner for 2 hours a day rated at about 55 amps / hour..

          So if the 24V system would give me a clear advantage (drawing less out of the same 24v bank) then I would consider heavily going with 24v and biting the bullet on the higher priced 2000w 24v inverter.
          1160 watts, Midnite 150 , Xantrex SW2000

          Comment


          • #6
            Originally posted by epsgunner View Post
            So if I decided to go with a 24V system over 12V system and using the same SIZE bank of say 440ah..

            Running a 2000 watt AC inverter (24v rated).. will I use less AH then the same setup at 12V rated (12v bank and 12v inverter and same 2000 watt inverter)?
            Absolutely yes because of Mr Peukert Law.

            First off a 12 volt 440 AH battery bank, and a 24 volt 440 AH bank are not equal in capacity, there is a 100% difference. 12 volts x 440 AH = 5280 watt hours. A 24 volt x 440 AH = 10560 watt hours.
            MSEE, PE

            Comment


            • #7
              Originally posted by Sunking View Post
              Absolutely yes because of Mr Peukert Law.

              First off a 12 volt 440 AH battery bank, and a 24 volt 440 AH bank are not equal in capacity, there is a 100% difference. 12 volts x 440 AH = 5280 watt hours. A 24 volt x 440 AH = 10560 watt hours.
              So my Air Conditioner rated at 550 watts @ 115 AC (normal running and not surge) will use say 1/2 of the 55 amps it would use on a 12v setup with a 12v type inverter??

              So I would be pulling 22 1/2 amps from a 24v inverter and bank??
              1160 watts, Midnite 150 , Xantrex SW2000

              Comment


              • #8
                Originally posted by epsgunner View Post
                So my Air Conditioner rated at 550 watts @ 115 AC (normal running and not surge) will use say 1/2 of the 55 amps it would use on a 12v setup with a 12v type inverter??

                So I would be pulling 22 1/2 amps from a 24v inverter and bank??
                Assuming the same battery bank wiring you'd actually pull a little less. At 24V you will start with half the current, thus you get 1/4 of the losses that you would get at 12 volts. (Losses=I^2R in watts, so 2x current draw = 4x losses.) That means the inverter will not have to draw a little more current to counteract the additional losses in the wiring. Which is one of many reasons that higher voltages are in general better than lower voltages.

                Comment


                • #9
                  Originally posted by billvon View Post
                  Assuming the same battery bank wiring you'd actually pull a little less. At 24V you will start with half the current, thus you get 1/4 of the losses that you would get at 12 volts. (Losses=I^2R in watts, so 2x current draw = 4x losses.) That means the inverter will not have to draw a little more current to counteract the additional losses in the wiring. Which is one of many reasons that higher voltages are in general better than lower voltages.
                  Does that also mean with a 24v bank I could run my Air 4 hours vs the initial/originally planned 2??
                  1160 watts, Midnite 150 , Xantrex SW2000

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Originally posted by epsgunner View Post
                    Does that also mean with a 24v bank I could run my Air 4 hours vs the initial/originally planned 2??
                    NO it will not. Battery capacity watt hours = Volts x Amp Hours.

                    12 volts @ 440 AH = 24 volts @ 220 AH = 5280 Watt Hours.

                    The gain is in efficiency.
                    MSEE, PE

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Originally posted by Sunking View Post
                      NO it will not. Battery capacity watt hours = Volts x Amp Hours.

                      12 volts @ 440 AH = 24 volts @ 220 AH = 5280 Watt Hours.

                      The gain is in efficiency.
                      I meant a 440ah 24V bank.. vs. a 12v 440ah bank..
                      1160 watts, Midnite 150 , Xantrex SW2000

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        for your air conditioning.

                        If your panels can produce as much power as the AC consumes, then you are in heaven, you are not stressing the batteries at all. Ignoring the brief blips as clouds shade the panels (that's when the batteries stabilize the power flow) if your bank is charged at noon, and you fire up the AC, you can run it as long as your panels produce the same power, maybe till 3pm, and you won't dent the battery bank.

                        But unless you have one of the low power, Mini-Split systems, most 12V rigs will have a hard time starting up the AC compressor. 24 or 48V systems have much more starting power, when my well pump kicks on, there is no flicker in the lights at all.
                        spreadsheet based voltage drop calculator:
                        http://www.solar-guppy.com/download/...calculator.zip
                        http://www.solarpaneltalk.com/showth...oss-calculator

                        http://www.mike-burgess.org/PVinfo_2.html

                        solar: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Solar
                        gen: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Lister ,
                        battery lugs http://tinyurl.com/LMR-BigLug
                        Setting up batteries http://tinyurl.com/LMR-NiFe

                        gear :
                        Powerfab top of pole PV mount | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||

                        || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||

                        || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Originally posted by Mike90250 View Post
                          for your air conditioning.

                          If your panels can produce as much power as the AC consumes, then you are in heaven, you are not stressing the batteries at all. Ignoring the brief blips as clouds shade the panels (that's when the batteries stabilize the power flow) if your bank is charged at noon, and you fire up the AC, you can run it as long as your panels produce the same power, maybe till 3pm, and you won't dent the battery bank.

                          But unless you have one of the low power, Mini-Split systems, most 12V rigs will have a hard time starting up the AC compressor. 24 or 48V systems have much more starting power, when my well pump kicks on, there is no flicker in the lights at all.
                          Mike.. that was the plan.. fire up with full bank and full sun.. kill when sun gets to about 3pm or I get too low of VDC on the meter(s)..

                          I was planning on a Xantrex Pro SW 2000 inverter.. I have 3/0 wire here and a battery switch..
                          1160 watts, Midnite 150 , Xantrex SW2000

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Originally posted by epsgunner View Post
                            Mike.. that was the plan.. fire up with full bank and full sun.. kill when sun gets to about 3pm or I get too low of VDC on the meter(s)..
                            OK I hope you are aware a solar panel does not generate its rated power. At best around 85 to 90% of its rated power. Second it will only generate that 85 to 90% only for about 1 to 2 hour per day around Solar Noon, and that is only if the skies are crystal clear.
                            MSEE, PE

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Originally posted by Sunking View Post
                              OK I hope you are aware a solar panel does not generate its rated power. At best around 85 to 90% of its rated power. Second it will only generate that 85 to 90% only for about 1 to 2 hour per day around Solar Noon, and that is only if the skies are crystal clear.
                              Got it.. even at 77% I should get about 550 watts from the 725 in panels.. if I bump to 860 worth of panels.. I'd end up at like 662 watts..
                              1160 watts, Midnite 150 , Xantrex SW2000

                              Comment

                              Working...
                              X